1 – Personal Pronouns Nominative

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What is a Personal Pronoun?

We can use personal pronouns to replace names we‘ve already mentioned, talk about ourselves, and talk to other people.

Personal pronouns must be declined and show the person, gender, number, and case.

Quiz Time

Don’t forget to take the quiz after learning the lesson, you will find a button in the end of this lesson “Quiz Time”, click and test yourself.

English Pronoun German Pronoun Prounuciation Use Person Number Gender
I ich
1. Person Singular
You du
Familiar 2. Person Singular
He er
3. Person Singular Masculine
She sie
Feminine
It es
Neuter
We wir
1. Person Plural Plural
You ihr
Familiar 2. Person Plural
They sie
3. Person Plural
You Sie
Formal 2. Person Singular and Plural
  • du“ = informal

(friends, family, informal situations)

  • Sie“ = formal

(bosses, strangers, formal situations)

 

Personal pronouns must be declined.

Example:  

„Das ist Max. Er spielt gerne Fußball.“

Use: Personal Pronouns

In the 1st person we talk about ourselves.

Ich gehe nach Hause.“

Wir machen immer unsere Hausaufgaben.“

Personal Pronouns – 2nd person (du, ihr, Sie)

If we talk to somebody, we talk in the 2nd person. “du” and “ihr” are the informal version, “Sie” is the formal version. It corresponds grammatically to the 3rd person plural but it´s capitalised.

Du wirst heute dein Zimmer aufräumen.“

„Habt ihr eure Deutsch-Hausaufgaben schon gemacht?“

„Können Sie mir bitte helfen?“

Personal Pronouns – 3rd Person (er, sie, es)

In the 3rd person we talk about other things or persons. They were mentioned already or it is obvious who or what we talk about.

„Marcel ist in Luisa verliebt?“ – „Er geht heute mit ihr ins Kino.”

Summary

  • We can use personal pronouns to replace names we‘ve already mentioned, talk about ourselves, and talk to other people.
  • We want to avoid repetion.
  • They are placeholders for nouns, so they have to be declined and get a case.

Personal Pronouns

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